Ahhh the English Bulldog. Short, stocky, and muscular, they are the cutest things that are beloved the world over.
However, their natural physique which gives them their popularity also makes natural mating difficult and risky. Not only could the female get hurt while mating, but Bulldogs are brachycephalic dogs that are susceptible to overheating.
Part of the difficulty is that English bulldogs, like other mammals, have an intrinsic need to reproduce. While in heat, the female will continuously display herself to the male, a practice known as ‘flagging’.
While the female dog is doing this, the male will try to mount again and again even if he is unsuccessful (which is usually the case). A half-hour in direct sunlight can overheat them and leave them dangerously vulnerable to heat-related illnesses.
Most English Bulldogs cannot reproduce naturally without human assistance, both in the mating and birthing processes. Their heads have been bred to develop bigger over time, and as a result, these dogs are unable to give birth naturally through the pelvic canal.
The Bulldog may be a symbol of power and perseverance, but careful breeding over the last century has evolved the once tough-as-nails canine into a lovable companion dog.
The dogs have respiratory, skeletal, and skin issues and many are unable to breed or give birth properly.
The English Bulldog, in addition to being one of the most beloved dog breeds of all time, is also one of the most complex and most challenging dogs of all time.
Irresponsible breeding practices have terrible outcomes, and there is proof that it went wrong from the start. Due to their short legs and hefty physique, many English bulldogs are unable to mate.
That’s when artificial insemination comes in.
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Are English Bulldogs Artificially Inseminated?
Because it is difficult and dangerous to get an English Bulldog pregnant naturally, most breeders rely on artificial insemination. In artificial insemination, semen is collected and deposited in the uterus of a female English bulldog in heat.
The danger of artificial insemination is that the sperm should be correctly preserved. Semen must be gathered, preserved, and implanted with care. In many dog breeds and individual dogs, artificial insemination is the only means to effectively impregnate the female.
The reality is that English Bulldogs are a “man-made” breed that humans created. The stout, heavy physique of the male Bulldog makes it difficult for him to mount the female.
Because of this, male and female English Bulldogs will find it extremely difficult to mate naturally (if at all) like some other dog breeds.
Artificial insemination of a bulldog is a very straightforward procedure, however, it is not always effective. Initially, sperm is retrieved from the stud, often using an artificial vulva.
It is also recommended that the male dog be aroused by the pheromones of a female throughout the sperm extraction process to ensure success.
Once retrieved from the male, the sperm must be properly kept. Chilled sperm can be kept for 10 to 14 days. To keep it cool, store it in a refrigerated airtight container.
When the female is in heat, sperm is deposited in her uterus. The sperm must be treated carefully during this process to guarantee its viability.
Types Of Artificial Insemination
Surgical implantation: This approach is more dangerous, especially for English Bulldogs, because the dog will need to be sedated since it is a surgical procedure. A small incision into the abdomen is made during the procedure, and the sperm is injected directly into the uterus
Transcervical Insemination: A specific device is utilized for bypassing the cervix and implanting the sperm straight into the uterus.
Sedation is usually unnecessary because most dogs will stand for the treatment. This method does need the use of specialist equipment and a professional inseminator, which can be costly.
Transvaginal Insemination: This is the most prevalent kind of artificial insemination. An insemination tube is used in this procedure to deposit sperm into the vulva immediately in front of the cervix.
The rate of success of artificial insemination in English Bulldogs varies, owing mostly to the quality of the sperm and the artificial insemination procedure utilized.
Surgical insemination has the best success rate, but it also poses the greatest danger to your Bulldog’s health.
An English Bulldog will often give birth to four puppies, however, because of overbreeding and health difficulties, the death rate for English Bulldog puppies is typically high.
Do English Bulldogs Have Trouble Mating?
Male and female English bulldogs are physically unsuitable for mating due to human breeding techniques and, simply, over-breeding.
The truth is, over the last few decades, we’ve developed the Bulldog breed in general to have certain physical characteristics that we humans enjoy: a stocky physique with short snouts and legs, a bigger head and eyes, and even a more prominent gummy smile.
This has resulted in several major health issues, making breeding and whelping harmful for both the sire and the dam.
English bulldogs are extremely heat-intolerant, suffer from breathing and respiratory issues owing to their brachycephalic nature, and have a high risk of hip dysplasia.
Bulldogs can become pregnant on their own on occasion. Their mating procedure is similar to that of any other dog. Natural bulldog breeding is difficult and dangerous because of their physical shape.
A qualified breeder’s intervention may be required for health and safety reasons. While natural mating is certainly conceivable for Bulldogs, the procedure is not without danger. A few things that can happen include:
The female Bulldog might hurt her hips and joints. Bulldogs carry a lot of weight on their front legs, and having persistent extra weight on their rear might injure them.
Given how long it often takes for repeated tries, the female may be unable to support the weight and risk severe injury.
Even in normal conditions, Bulldogs are prone to overheating. The mating process is fraught with increased excitement, stress, and extreme physical strain, especially after repeated unsuccessful attempts.
All of this can quickly lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
Bulldogs can be nervous, anxious dogs. Aside from overheating, the entire mating procedure may cause excessive anxiety. If either participant becomes worried enough to panic and attempt to break the tie, they both risk serious injury.
The extra stress of being unable to break free from the tie may aggravate them more.
How to Reduce the Risks of Mating Bulldogs
While mating can harm both the male and female dogs, there are steps you can do to reduce the consequences.
Use a breeding rack
The main purpose of the breeding rack is to help the dog to remain in a stable position during mating. If the male dog is too heavy, the rack will also help the female support the additional weight.
It is also used to help keep the male dog from mounting the female too high, which can cause injury.
There are many different types and sizes of breeding racks available, so it is important to choose one that is appropriate for the size of your dog.
The rack should also be made from sturdy materials that can safely support your dog’s weight.
Only mate them in the presence of an experienced breeder
Make sure someone that knows how to breed Bulldogs is on hand. Anyone breeding Bulldogs should be aware that it is a serious undertaking that requires a great deal of experience and knowledge.
In addition, they should have experience working with veterinary professionals to identify and address any health concerns that may arise.
Offer help at each stage
Bulldogs have a difficult time with the entire mating procedure. As a result, doing so naturally necessitates a significant amount of human interaction.
You may need to be there to help with mounting and inserting. You’ll also need to pay close attention to both dogs and respond to any needs they may have. That may include keeping them cool and quiet until they are free of the tie.
How Much Does It Cost To Inseminate An English Bulldog?
Artificial insemination for an English Bulldog cost around $1600. If frozen sperm is required, the cost might rise by $5000 to $10,000, increasing the overall cost of the procedure.
Because it is difficult and dangerous to get a Bulldog impregnated naturally, most breeders rely on artificial insemination.
In artificial insemination, semen is collected and deposited in the uterus of a female English bulldog in heat. Semen must be gathered, preserved, and implanted with care.
This cost doesn’t include the Pre-Breeding exams which Include:
- Physical examination
- CBC (complete blood count)
- Chemistry (biochemistry screen)
- Sperm analysis for breeding males
- Brucellosis testing for both males and females (see a related article on brucellosis)
Check Out Best Pet Insurance For Bulldogs HERE
Do English Bulldogs Need C Sections?
The English Bulldog, like all Bulldogs, has a huge head and is a great candidate for cesarean surgery.
Large litters tend to exhaust the dam during a regular delivery, rendering her unable to push. On average, dogs may have up to 6 puppies in a litter; anything more than this is termed a big litter, and these Bulldogs can frequently have more to 12 puppies at once.
Another issue with big litter is that the mother cannot nurse more than 8 puppies, necessitating further help for artificial feeding.
Bulldogs have exceptionally large, round heads, yet females have very short pelvic bones and birth canals, making intervention-free deliveries difficult and necessitating a C-section.
C-sections are performed by qualified veterinarians, and the cost varies according to who you see and where you reside. Natural bulldog birth may be quite risky for both the mother and her puppies.
Puppies cannot normally descend the birth canal due to their size and the form of their skulls. If they do get into the canal, they will most likely become trapped, putting the mother and puppies at risk if a skilled veterinarian isn’t on hand.
Because of their fetal-maternal asymmetry, the English Bulldogs are also susceptible to obstetric complications. The puppies’ heads are out of proportion to the mother’s pelvic size.
They are also affected by their mother’s dorsoventral compressed pelvic canals. The English Bulldogs have altered shape and form as a result of selective breeding for unusual features.
Because of their large heads, it is hard for a mother to have a natural pup. Some cesarean sections have been proven successful to minimize respiratory difficulties in the dam.
C-sections are not only costly but you must also be prepared for what to expect. Almost all of the time, it is critical to monitor your female’s pregnancy and plan a C-section.
Allowing your female to go into labor normally is not advisable since the C-section becomes an emergency, adding stress and expense to the procedure.
An English Bulldog’s life can include two to three cesarean sections, spaced at least two, if not three years apart.
A C-section for an English Bulldog will normally cost between $2500 and $5000, depending on when they give birth, where they are situated, and how much the veterinarian performing the C-section costs, all of which contribute to the high expense of purchasing an English Bulldog puppy.
Cesarean section is a frequent procedure in small animal veterinary medicine. Cesarean section is intended to deliver healthy, energetic puppies while also providing surgical anesthetic, suitable analgesia, and a speedy recovery to consciousness for the dam.
Over the years, the methodology and approach have been improved. Scheduled C-sections for dogs are safe, but unplanned cesarean sections pose a risk to both the mother and the puppies.
Furthermore, with dog cesarean sections, the mother is deprived of the opportunity to naturally bond with her whelps.
The veterinarians do, in fact, remove them by hand. Although this is normally not an issue, the mother may need additional time to connect with her litter of puppies.
Bulldogs are one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. They’re known for their big heads, wrinkled faces, and “pushy” personalities. However, Bulldogs also have a reputation for being difficult to breed.
Nevertheless, many people find the challenge of breeding Bulldogs to be well worth the effort, thanks to the immense joy that these dogs can bring to their lives.